BRICK EXPRESSIONISM

Anzeiger-Hochhaus, Hannover, Germany, Fritz Hoeger (1927-28)
The Anzeiger-Hochhaus (Gazette-Building) in Hanover was designed by Fritz Hoeger between 1927-28 for the publisher Madsack, the editor of Hannover Allgemeine Zeitung (HAZ) and the New Press.. With its 12m tall, green roof dome, it is a landmark of the city and was one of the first skyscrapers in Germany. Anzeiger-Hochhaus was one of the few high-rise buildings in the center of Hanover that survived the bombing of the city during the Second World War.

The steel frame is covered with dark red and partly gold brick on the facade. The dome features copper cladding which is unique in the German high-rise construction. Originally, there was a planetarium in the dome, however after World War I, a movie theater was established. The facade is made with decorative elements in an expressionistic form in the details. There is an emphasis on the vertical structure of the wedge-shaped, protruding wall. This is reinforced at night by vertical tube lights that belonged to the pre-war equipment. The building is a classic example of Brick Expressionism.

The Old Town, Torun, Poland
Toruń Gothic is a part of the brick Gothic common in Northern Europe, which took its final form before 1300 on the area of eastern Holstein (Lübeck), Mecklenburg, Brandenburg and soon spread all over Pomerania. It was especially popular in Hanseatic cities, including Toruń – which was the first to be granted its foundation charter in Pomerania.
Since its foundation, Toruń had been a great and affluent merchant city, maintaining extensive trade contacts with European trade centres, including Lübeck and Flanders. These contacts encouraged a quick influx and development of new trends in Toruń, which soon developed into their local varieties.

Gothic architecture constitutes in Toruń the richest complex of mediaeval townsmen buildings in Poland. The distinctive features of the brick expressionism of Toruń include massive walls and structures, scarcity of ornaments, glazed colour brick, ornamental gables and decorated star ceilings.
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